Teachers play a crucial role in the system of education. It is important that these teachers are equipped with proper knowledge, skills, and attitudes in carrying out the goals of education and fulfilling their obligations.
There are three levels of teachers training.
(i) Primary school teachers:
Teachers for the primary schools are trained and must have passed Secondary School Examination. They are provided one-year training. After completion of this training, they are awarded a certificate called Primary Teachers Certificate (PTC).
(ii) Middle school teachers:
Those who possess FA/F.Sc certificate is given one-year training and awarded a certificate called Certificate in Education (CT). PTC and CT training is provided by the Government Colleges of Elementary Education (GCE).
(iii) Secondary school teachers:
Those who possess BA/B.Sc degrees are provided one-year training called ‘Bachelor of Education’ (B.Ed) at the Government Colleges of Education. Those who further want to specialize in the subject of education undergo one year course called Master in Education (M.Ed). This course is .conducted by the Colleges of Education and in the Institutes of Education in the Universities. Teachers also do M.Phil and Ph.D. in Education from the Universities.
Allama Iqbal Open University has started teacher training courses through its distance education system for those students who cannot afford to attend formal regular courses in the teacher training institutions.
National Education Policy provides for modernizing the courses in teacher training.