The Principles of Democracy in Islam | Note | web4study

The Principles of Democracy in Islam | Note



basic sources of Islamic Ideology

 

The Principles of Democracy in Islam

Democracy is a form of government in which all the people of the state select the representatives of the government through their votes.

In Islam, the concept of democracy is different from the rest of the world. In an Islamic democracy, such people are elected to run the affairs of the state who follow the Islamic principles in their lives and are able to work according to the teachings of The Holy Quran and Sunnah.

Following are the principles on which the foundation of democracy in Islam has been established. 

 

(i) SOVEREIGNTY:

The first principle of’ Islam is that sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to Allah. The representatives for the government have to use there power with in the limits prescribed by Islam. Even the legislative assemblies cannot go beyond this.

 

(ii) JUSTICE:

Establishment of justice in the society is the second basic principle of democracy in Islam. No aspect of life can be complete without justice. It makes any society peaceful and prosperous. A society having supreme justice enjoys unity, live, sincerity, and peace. 

 

(iii) EQUALITY:

Equality is the third important principles of democracy in Islam. There is no difference among the people on the basis of language, caste, color, culture, wealth and poverty. In his last sermon, the holy prophet declared that “All human beings are offspring of Hazrat Adam and no Arab is superior to a non-Arab.

 

(iv) FRATERNITY:

Fraternity as the brotherhood is the fourth important principle of democracy in Islam. In the Holy Quran Allah has said that all believers are brothers to each other. The feeling of brotherhood promotes affection, mutual, co-operation, selfless service, and sacrifice. In this way, the society becomes peaceful.

 


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