It is not used in factories and mills as a fuel, but the transport system also depends on it. Moreover, it is domestic use also as a cheap fuel. Pakistan is an oil-rich country but due to the slow process of exploration, the discovery of oil fields, commercially useful has been very few. The oil resources of Pakistan are located in Potohar Plateau, Khor, Dhullian, Kot Mayyab, Attock, Chakwal, Jehlum, Dhodak, Badin, Hyderabad, Sanghar, and Dadu districts.
(ii) Natural Gas:
Natural gas is a comparatively cheaper and the most efficient source of energy in Pakistan. Natural gas is required for running industry and is used as fuel, for vehicles and household purposes. Pakistan has vast reserves of gas. The oil fields producing gas in the country are located at the following places:
Sui, Uch, Khairpur, Mazrani, Bari, Sandahl, Dhodak, Piroh, Dhullian, Meyal, Murree, Badin, Golarchi, and Turk. The gas is used in cement fertilizer and general ·industries. It is also used for producing thermal electricity.
(iii) Iron Ore:
Iron ore is used for making iron, steel, machines, and tools of a different kind. The iron ore deposits found in Pakistan fall short to meet our requirement Pakistan imports iron ore only for Steel Mill at Bin Qasim Karachi. Iron ore deposit occurs at a number of places, like Kalabagh, Makarwal, Chitral, Hazara, Khuzdar, Chilghazi, Muslim Bagh, Noukundi, Chaghi etc.
Coal is an important source of energy. Coal is one of the principal minerals found in Pakistan. Availability of high-quality coal is a basic need of industry Coal, found in our country is of low quality. It is mainly used in brick and lime burning, the ceramics industry, .ginning Mills and for firing the boilers of the power station and steam engines. The big deposits of coal in Pakistan are located at the following places:
(i) The Salt Range and Makarwal Coalfield.
(ii) The Northeastern Balochistan Coal fields.
(iii) Sindh Coal fields.
Chromate is very important metallic mineral. It is used in making stainless -steel, high-speed tools precision instrument, dyes, and photography. Pakistan is the top producer of this metal in the world. A large quantity of Chromate is exported to other countries. The deposit of chromate is found at Muslim Bagh, Chaghai, Kharan, Malakand, Mohmand and North Waziristan.
Copper is an important industrial metal. It is used in electric goods and especially in making copper-wire. The deposits.of copper are found at various places in the NWFP and Balochistan province. The most important deposits of copper occur in Sandak and Amori in the district of Chaghai.
(vii) Lime Stone:
Limestone is -largely used in making cement, ceramics and other allied industries. Many cement factories have been established at the places where limestone is commonly found in large quantities. Limestone is also used in construction work. Limestone is available in large quantities at Dandot, Dawoodkhel, Rohri, Hyderabad, and Karachi.
Sulpher is an important mineral, which is used, in Chemical industries, firearm industry, and match factories. It is also used for gunpowder. It is found in Koh-a-Sultan, Jacobabad, and Marian. It is refined and made suitable for use at the factories established at Karachi and Quetta.
Marble is another mineral wealth, which is found in abundance in NWFP and Balochistan province. It is of several goods kind and colors. The best kind of marble is found at Mull Chori near Peshawar. Marble, s -used for flooring and fixing at wall for beautification.· Pakistan earns a good amount of foreign exchange by selling this mineral. Multicolor marble found in Pakistan has great demand in foreign countries. Marble is found in the district of Chaghai, Mardan, Sawat, Khyber Agency, Attock District, Mirpur, and Muzaffarabad.
Salt is used in cooking, it is also used in the manufacture of washing soda and hydrochloric acid. Vast deposits of mineral salt are found in Khewra, Warrach, Kalabagh; Bahadukhel and Kark. The country has one of the largest deposits of Rock Salt of the world Salt is also obtained from Sea water at Karachi and Makran Coast.
Gypsum is a non-metallic mineral. It is a bright stone of white color. Gypsum is a valuable source of wealth. It is used for making Cement, Plaster of Paris, fertilizers, and boards. It is largely used in a number of small industries. Gypsum in large · quantity is found and obtained from the following areas. District Jhelum, Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan, Quetta, Sibi, Loralai, Kohat, Bhawalpur, Dadu, Zand Thar.