INDIA’S HEGEMONIC DESIGNS AND DETERIORATING SECURITY SITUATION IN SOUTH ASIA.
South Asia is the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan countries and, in some contexts, the adjoining countries to the west and east. It consists of seven core countries, namely Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bhutan, Nepal and Afghanistan and among them two nuclear states India and Pakistan. The combined area of these seven nations is approximately 1.7 million square miles, and it contains 1.3 billion people. It is the world’s most densely populated region and among the poorest, the most illiterate and the most malnourished regions of the world. The rise of Indian Hindu fascism and hegemonic designs in South Asia. Indian militancy in Kashmir is a big cause to deteriorate security situation of South Asia.
Hindu fascists believe in the racial and cultural superiority of Hindus, claim to represent all other Hindus, and believe that India is only for Hindus. They want to establish this theory in the whole region. Their power over India’s institutions contradicts this narrative of victimhood. They combine their cultural and political power with violence to oppress minorities, quash dissent and subvert Indian democracy.
In recent decade Modi’s is doing the same and practically he has proved this theory in occupied Kashmir, appointing 9 million armies and forcing the Kashmiris to live in their home as prisoners. All the facilities of media and free expression are abolished, religious freedom is not allowed. The special status of Kashmir has been terminated. It is a big question upon democratic and secular India.
In the region of South Asia India has been accused of being hegemonic in its policies to different areas by making other states dependent on it. Thus it has enormous husbandry of influencing other neighbours. India is an upper riparian to Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan so it uses water as a tool to subdue these states.
After independence, India got an enormous share of resources. India was more well off than her neighbours e.g. China, Pakistan Myanmar, Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka in 1950s. So she pursued her policies, hegemonic since the birth of the initial day. The perception of being powerful, enabled India to acquire nukes in 1974, it was an inflexion point for other neighbours to start arms race to balance the act of Indian nukes, On May 06, 1998 India again tested her nukes. It was the day when the real game started to change towards genuine arms race. So Pakistan also did to acquire nukes, as a result, the behaviour of Indian changed towards other regional as well as non-regional states. Indian foreign policy adds to subjugate regional states.
India has high political stakes in other neighbouring nations. She tries to offset the Kashmir issues. She intervenes in domestic issues of Sri Lanka. Even she wants hindrance of participation of Jammat e Islami in Bangladesh also. India uses religious factor in Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar. The recent spike of human rights violation in Kashmir and terrorizing of Pakistan through FATF chair is an Indian hegemonic tool.
The other scenario of the region is Indo-Pak rivalry since independence. The India-Pakistan conflict is one of the most enduring rivalries of the post-second world war era. Indo-Pak have their historical genesis the actual, cause of distrust falls, after the time of partition but the enmity between sects have their own story before 1947.
Now the major outstanding issues between India and Pakistan are Kashmir, Siachen, Sir Creek, Waller Barge, Kishan Ganga dam. The Kashmir is the bone of contention between the two nations. It is yet to resolve due to Indian hegemonic nature is a hurdle to solve this issue by peaceful negotiation.
In 1947 British divided Subcontinent into Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan on 14th and 15th of August respectively. The partition caused one of the largest human migration ever seen and sparked riots violence across the region.
In 1948 the first Indo-Pak war over Kashmir was fought. The majority of Kashmir’s wants to join Pakistan, but Kashmiri Maharaja did against the Kashmir’s will and chosen India to be its friend. The Indian troops entered Kashmir. The war continued since the second half of 1948. Many innocent peoples were killed, injured. Thus the war led to jingoism in South Asia.
In 1965 – India and Pakistan faced twice Infantry, armour and air force units were involved in the conflict while it remained to the Kashmir theatre. The war expands as Indian troops crossed the international border at Lahore on 06th of September. The largest engagement of the war took place in the Sialkot sector, where nearly 400 to 600 tanks squared off in an inconclusive battle. It was a huge conflict between the two countries of South Asia. The main objective of this conflict was to acquire Indian occupied territory of Kashmir.
In 1971-India and Pakistan went to war third time. The intervening of India into a Bangal affair changed the situation into complexity. It was a swear intervene of India into internal of Pakistan. They also got help from the Hindu community (Mukti bani) to make the theatre of war more unpleasant and in their favour. Hostilities lasted for 13 days, marked the shortest war in modern history. The war led to the separation of Bangladesh on 16th of December 1971. It is a black day of Pakistan history which is known as (fall of East Pakistan). It was a swear attack to shatter down the two-nation theory and depicting hegemony of India.
The fourth battle between two nuclear powers was Kargil. It was fought at the highest theatre from sea level. The root cause of this conflict was Kashmir again. Both countries were again forced by world power and stopped the war, resulting in no decision on occupied Kashmir.
On 27th February 2019, India staged drama, claiming targeting camps of Mujahideen. But all their drama flopped when international media showed the previous photographs of the site, matching with the new one, hence gaining nothing but the laughter of the world.
As we came to know the latest episode of Indian spy kubuhshan yadeev, He was arrested on 3rd March 2016 from Baluchistan. He exposed that he was involved in terrorist activities in Balochistan. He also disturbed law and order in Karachi. He was working under joint secretary Aneel Kumaar Gupta and he also stated that the special purpose of his mission was to handle BLF. Many innocent peoples were killed during terrorist activities. It is a swear breakage of International law to intervene in the integrity of the other nation. It is a clear cut indication to destabilize Pakistan promoting terrorism through BLF in Baluchistan. It was very much abhorrent act of Indian hegemony.
From the very first day, India does not want to see a prosperous and strong Pakistan. She is busy against our sweet homeland. Pakistan is a peace-loving nation and world community recognition of efforts to fight the menace of terrorism and sacrifices rendered thereof are a testimony to the commitment and resolve to bring peace in region. kubuhshan yadeev case provides strong evidence to the international community to see India’s abhorrent face of brutality. Hence India is true to picture of the ‘’proverb’’. Bughal Men Churi Mooh Men Raam Raam. World’s power should notice this to keep peace and harmony in the region.
Article From, Abdullah Muhammad Afzal student of IR University of Karachi.