Define neurons. Describe the structure of neuron in detail. Draw labeled diagram also. | web4study

Define neurons. Describe the structure of neuron in detail. Draw labeled diagram also.



 

Neuron:

The nervous system consists of special cells called neurons. They have the ability to generate and conduct a mild electric current whose transmission from one neuron to another is· called nerve impulse. Each neuron consists- of a cell body or soma, with cell dendrites and axon Soma. contains cytoplasm, its organelles, and nucleus. Dendrites are much-branched threadlike projections for receiving impulses. On the contrary, the axon is usually unbranched, single, elongated; fiber specialized for conducting impulses to other neurons. At its terminal end, many branches are given out to form end plate.

labeled diagram neurons
labeled diagram neurons

According to the function, neurons are of the 2 types:

(i) Sensory neurons:

They transmit impulses from receptors to the central nervous system.

(ii) Motor neurons:

They transmit instructions of the central nervous system to the effector’s organs.


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