IF-CLAUSE conditional Third condition and Wishes | English PPT | web4study

IF-CLAUSE conditional Third condition and Wishes | English PPT



Wishes (present, past, and future) IF-CLAUSE conditional Third condition

 

Third condition :

  • “I decided to become an English teacher when I was 25 because I wanted to be able to travel around the world and work at the same time. If I had not become an English teacher, I would have moved to London”
  • If I had not become an English teacher, I would have moved to London”
  • If + had + past participle +, would +have +past participle.

 

IF-CLAUSE conditional 3

  • Third conditionals are also unreal conditionals, but they express an unreal situation in the past. The condition occurred in the past, and it was not met; Therefore, the results did not happen. The conditional sentence expresses the idea of “what if”.
  • If she had called me, I would have come. (She did not call, so I did not come.)
  • To talk about the past, the past perfect is used in the if-clause, and would have or could have + past participle in the result clause.
  • Formula : if + past participle + would/could/might have + past participle

 

REVISION

  • Condition zero : if + present +present

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  • Condition 1 : if + present + future

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  • Condition 2 : if + simple past + would/could +main verb

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  • Condition 3 : if + past participle + would/could have + past participle

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Wishes (present, past, and future) :

Future wishes:

  • Subject + wish (es) + 2nd subject + could or would

Examples:

  • I wish that baby would stop crying.
  • I wish I could fly.
  • I wish I could visit Paris.
  • I wish it would stop raining.
  • I wish the sun would come out.

 

Present wishes:

  • Subject+ wish (es) + 2nd subject + past tense

Examples:

  • I wish I had more money
  • Sara wishes she knew how to fix a flat tire.
  • We wish we were at the beach.
  • I wish I were happy.

 

Past wishes:

  • Subject + wish (es) + 2nd subject + had +past tense.

Examples:

  • I wish the teacher had given me an A+.
  • I wish I had remembered my hat.
  • I wish you had told me earlier that you were not coming.

 

If only:

  • If only = I wish

(if only is stronger and more emphatic than wish)

Examples:

  • If only he would smile.
  • If only we had a cat
  • If only he had studied harder.

 

Present Wishes.

  • Vicky is fed up. What is she saying? Use/wish or if only.
  • (She can’t think straight.) I wish I could think straight.
  • 1 (She is so tired.) …………………………………………………………………..
  • 2 (She gets headaches.)……………………………………………………………..
  • 3 (Her work isn’t going well.) ……………………………………………..
  • 4 (She can’t concentrate.)…………………………………………………………
  • 5 (Life is so complicated.) ………………………………………………………

 

Past wishes.

  • Complete the sentences. Use these words: accepted, caught, found, played, saved, stayed
  • I spent all my money. I wish now that I had saved it.
  • I missed the train. I really wish …………………………………………….
  • Rita left the party early. Nick wishes ……………………………
  • Emma refused the offer. But her parents wish .…………………
  • I looked everywhere for the key. I wish …………………………
  • The injured player could only watch. He wishes ………………..

Future: Wish … would
What might you say in these situations? Begin I wish …

1)  to someone who never answers your e-mails

I wish you’d answer my e-mails.

2) to someone who makes rude remarks about you

I wish you wouldn’t make rude remarks about me.

3) to someone who won’t hurry up

4) to someone who never does the washing-up

5) to someone who isn’t telling you the whole story

6) to someone who blows cigarette smoke in your face

7) to someone who won’t tell you what he’s thinking

 


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