Following are the causes of population growth in Pakistan:
(i) Majority of the people believe that Allah is the sustainer and Provider. Many people think that having a large family is a source of strength. They also consider family planning contrary to Islamic teachings.
(ii) Family planning practices have not gained popularity in the Pakistani society as yet.
(iii) The low literacy rate also contributes to the higher population growth.
(iv) Early marriages also add to the growth of children.
(v) Poverty is yet another reason. The growth rate among the poor is greater as compared to other groups of society. The reason is that they don’t bother about the standard of living and providing good education to .their children.
(vi) The desire for a male child results in producing more children. In the rural areas, more male children are considered to be an asset for the family and a sign of pride among the kith and kin and others.
EFFECTS ON EDUCATION:
The importance of education in Pakistan is much but due to the growing population, high standard of the education could not be achieved till now. The literacy rate in Pakistan is very low in spite of all efforts · have been made by the government. The standard of Primary education is far from satisfactory.
The teachers at the middle level are dissatisfied with the level of primary education and secondary school teachers complain about the standard of education at the middle level and so on. The students admitted in medical colleges are mostly unsuccessful in the first professional examination.
The government has started a programme of public-private partnership for increasing primary level education. The government has also started a scheme. Under the scheme, thousands of non-formal schools are being opened to improve the literacy rate and provide facilities for primary education.