Allama Iqbal, the poet of the East was also a great philosopher. He was the one who gave the idea of a separate Muslim state for the Muslims of India. Born in Sialkot on 9th November 1877, he passed M.A. from Punjab University, received a law degree from London· and Ph.D. from Munich University. He worked for the unity of Muslims of the Subcontinent.
He was the president of the Punjab branch of All-India Muslim League. He said that the solution to the problems of Muslims was the creation of a new Muslim state. Quaid-e-Azam was persuaded by him to work for Pakistan.